Essay No. 14:
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Co-Education: If the boys and the girls are taught at the same institution and under the same roof, it is called co-education. It also means imparting the same education to both the sexes without any distinctions. This system of education aims at bringing boys and girls together for a better future.
It is not a new idea of education. The great Greek philosopher Plato had propagated the system of co-education in ancient times. He believed that co-education will create a feeling of comradeship between boys and girls. Plato was a great supporter of the education of women. Therefore, he wanted them to be educated with men in the same institutions. He felt that if men and women are taught together, it will develop their personality to the maximum. They will not feel any shyness from each other. He advocated that it was the only method in which both could become useful members of the society and serve the society in the right way.
Plato, in reality, was much influenced by the co-educational system of Sparta, a city-state of Greece. There the boys and the girls were given both the academics and the physical education together. The girls and boys studied and played together. They were both taught the art of fighting, horse riding, archery etc. thus the women of Sparta were not in any inferior to the men. They took part in life as men.
But at present, the co-educational system is prevalent in Europe and the USA. In Pakistan also nowadays more and more co-educational schools are being established. But here we have not yet enforced it properly.
Like other thing co-education also has its advantages and disadvantages. The first advantage is that if boys and girls are taught together, there will not be any need for opening separate schools for girls. Pakistan is a poor country and it cannot afford to open separate schools for the boys and girls. Co-education is an economical system because both boys and girls can study in the same schools and they can be taught by the same staff. They can be educated in limited resources.
Secondly, boys and girls have to live together in society in their lives and if they are taught together from the very beginning, they can understand each other well. The girls will not feel shy in the presence of the boys. The boys will not tease the girls. They will work better in future for the progress of the country.
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Thirdly, if they are taught together, it will create a sense of healthy competition among them. In this manner, they will work hard and pay serious attention to their studies. A feeling of comradeship will also develop between the boys and the girls. The boys will not indulge in eve-teasing and the girls will not be afraid of the boys. Thus they will have a balanced development of their personality. They will be ready to perform their duties properly.
Fourthly, it is also a common experience that boys behave decently in the company of girls. They do not use loose and abusive language in the presence of girls. They also dress properly and talk mannerly. Similarly, the girls will also lose their fear of the boys if they are taught with them. In this way, a better society can be developed.
Fifthly, if co-education is introduced, there will be no problem of discipline, among the students. In western countries, there is no separation between the boys and the girls in the schools. The girls study with the boys in the same schools and later on work with them in the same offices and factories. As a result, their progress can be seen.
On the other hand, certain conservative people criticize the system of co-education. According to them, this system is against our traditions. They also fear that co-education will develop an immoral relationship between boys and girls. They believe that in this system both the boys and girls will be spoilt. But these arguments do not hold much water. It is not necessary that such incidents take place.
On the whole, there are so many advantages of co-education. When boys and girls have to live later on as husband and wife, there is no need for separating them in the schools. Rather it will give them the opportunity to come close to each other and understand each other fully.
In short, we should not believe in the morality of the medieval ages. The world is changing fast today and women are being given equal status with men in society. Let us, therefore, accept that changing order and open more and more coeducational institutions in future. Especially, at the primary level, there is no harm in introducing most of the co-educational institutions.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Co-Education