Essay No. 139:
Every Solution Breeds Many New Problems: The statement is impregnated with realism. It is a fact that when a new solution is found out to a problem, it gives rise to many more new problems. An explanation is required to elaborate on the idea contained in the statement.
Take the case of Pakistan. It is an agricultural country. The problem is to increase agricultural output to expand the volume of agricultural surpluses to export for earning foreign exchange. It obviously necessitates the use of mechanical implements in agricultural. When agriculture is mechanized, the untrained labour force would be thrown out of employment.
Machinery economises the use of labour. On the one hand, the objective is to increase agricultural production but that can result in growing unemployment of labour force. Pakistan needs to create avenues of employment for the redundant labour force, but the purpose can be defeated by the mechanization of agriculture. That is how every solution is accompanied by a new problem.
The use of antibiotics has brought severe diseases under control. It is a sort of revolution brought about in the field of medical science. Different diseases are treated in a better way now. However, the use of antibiotics has given rise to other serious physiological complications.
Cancer suffering patients are given chemo rays, which further kill healthy blood cells in the human body. Treatment of cancer can lead to many abnormalities in the human body. One solution breeds new problems.
The Third World countries are backwards industrially. The solution to backwardness lies in rapid industrialization. Their efforts are thwarted by a number of economic constraints. The underdeveloped countries a host of unfavourable factors have undertaken industrialization for increasing industrial output in economies.
Economies have been geared to build manufacturing sector in these countries with a view to generating avenues of employment for the labour force. The craze for industrialization has created the problem of pollution in the Third World countries. The industrial centres emit out smoke through chimneys, which pollutes the atmosphere.
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Many diseases have spread out in the industrial cities, which take a heavy toll of human life. Water is contaminated consumption of which adversely affects the human stomach. Many intestinal disorders are reported in big cities where the incidence of pollution is high. The contaminated water equally is dangerous for the river population.
It has adverse spread effects in the underdeveloped countries. The developed countries, using more than 70 percent of the world’s resources, initially encountered environmental pollution. When the Third World countries embarked upon the programme of industrialization, they were much later facing to face with the problem of pollution.
The underdeveloped countries have lately realized about the hazards of environmental pollution. They do not have the resources to deal with the problem. They are now cognizant of it. One of the measures taken by the Punjab Government is to ask the rickshaw drivers to have rickshaws with a four-stroke engine.
Rickshaws using CNG would not pollute the atmosphere much. In brief, industrialization has brought pollution in its wake and other vices. That shows every solution can bring many new problems.