Essay No. 29:

Strategic Importance Of Pakistan: The importance of any country with respect to its position and location is called geostrategic importance. Geopolitics is defined as stressing the influence of geographical factors on the state power, international conduct and advantages it derives from its location. So in simple words, we have to discuss the importance of Pakistan with respect to its location or in the technical sense “The geo-strategic importance of Pakistan”.

Stephen Cohn describes the importance of Pakistan in the following words under the title under discussion. “While history has been unkind to Pakistan but its geography has been of the greatest benefit to it. It has resources-rich areas in the north-west and people rich in the north-east”.

Pakistan is located at a junction of South West Asia and is away from resource-efficient countries to resource deficient countries. Moreover, the world is facing energy crises and terrorism and Pakistan is a route for transportation of oil and a front line state against terrorism.

Pakistan is a bridge between South Asia and South-West Asia. Iran and Afghanistan and energy abundant countries while China and India lacking it. China finds a way to the Indian Ocean and Arabian sea through the Karakoram. China with its fastest-growing economic growth 9% is developing its southern provinces only because its own port is 4500 km away from Sinkiang but Gawadar (Pakistan Port) is only a distance of 2500 km from Sinkiang.

Pakistan offers to Central Asian Republics (CAR’s) the shortest route only of 2600 km as compared to Iran and Turkey. Iran’s port is 4500 km and Turkey’s port is 5000 km away from central Asian Republics. While Afghanistan is a landlocked country. The deep waters of Gwadar (Pakistan Port) attract the trade ships of China, Central Asian Republics and South-East Asian countries.

Pakistan, the land of diverse landscapes and diverse cultural panorama, it graces the world at the Western end of the Indo Genetics Plain bordering India. China, Afghanistan, Iran and the Arabian sea coast. Geography has blended with the density of the country in more than one way: proving to be an opportunity at times and a handicap at others.

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